It is during the hunt that cooperation between wolves in a pack is most evident. A wolf pack may chase a herd of elk, deer, or other large prey for several days before attacking. During this time, they evaluate the herd, looking for an animal showing any signs of weakness.
The wolf walks along the ecosystem with a confident gait, knows his own worth and behaves with dignity. The disappearance of a predator affects both the landscape and biodiversity. Man has already understood that the wolf is an invaluable tool and a guarantor of stability.
No right to recover
It is easier for an honorary orderly of the forest to drive an easy prey than to pursue a hardy and strong animal. Therefore, gray never acts thoughtlessly. The wolf does not allow the sick beast to recover and quickly beats him off from the herd. Yes, not human. But the wolf is a predator.
And according to the laws of nature, he acts correctly. From now on, the sick animal will be forever isolated from its relatives. The wolf also prevents the spread of illness in the forest, and preserves a healthy livestock.
Once upon a time, a man spied a hunting tactic from a wolf. The bottom line is that the prey itself comes into tenacious paws. It takes patience and effort, but the effectiveness has been proven many times over. Wolves can drive the beast, taking turns replacing each other. So the man began to act.
While some create noise effects, others direct the target in the right direction, while others wait in the most convenient place. It was the wolf that taught man to subordinate personal interests to the interests of the collective.
The wolf has an agreement with ravens and ravens: Carls and Clara warn about the danger and the availability of food, and the wolf hunts and leaves generous “interest” to the birds. Such a symbiosis is beneficial for both forest dwellers and their two-legged neighbors. As long as the wolf feeds the birds, there will not be an overabundance of rodents in the forest.
It is worth the rodents to settle, and the forest litter will instantly become impoverished. Then the animals will move closer to the person. Therefore, the cooperation of the wolf with representatives of the corvids is beneficial for everyone.
Country of the fearless
The fanged brotherhood looks at the moose with interest. In winter, it is easiest for a wolf to get an elk. It’s all to blame – the structural features of his hooves. And after all, nature is not in vain controlled by species … When there are few wolves in the forest, moose forget about the instinct of self-preservation and more and more often “go out”.
Solid dimensions, combined with heroic strength (and not quite adequate behavior during the rut) can do things. Without wolves, the elk will run out onto the roads more actively, forgetting about motorists. With interest to visit human villages and intimidate local residents.
Departed but not arrived
The wolf is firmly established in the leaders of the food chain. He won’t get too much, but he won’t miss his own either. The disappearance of a wolf from the forest is dangerous for the forest itself. Animals, “drowsy” from a happy life, will decide that they can breed uncontrollably, and eat according to the “all inclusive” type.
And it’s not just the aforementioned moose. Lack of branch forage will lead to the disappearance of beavers. The bears will follow them. Without wolves, the entire “zoological assortment” will become scarce.
Events in Yellowstone National Park proved that predators can even affect the landscape. Once in the reserve, all wolves were exterminated … Herbivores began to lead a wild life and changed the life of the entire reserve beyond recognition.
The vegetation has shrunk → the beaver population has fallen. The berries disappeared → the birds stopped chirping and the bears got upset. The soil was washed away, and the riverbeds began to change directions.
Such events could turn into an ecological collapse! Therefore, after 70 years, wolves were re-inhabited in Yellowstone Park.
Give me a drum dog
It is very likely that the wolf gave mankind dogs. One of the wild animals turned out to be a little more loyal to humans than its relatives. He realized that an alliance with a two-legged gives many privileges, and so he remained nearby. Then another one came, just as loyal, and they “married.”
Centuries later, a huge variety of breeds and pets appeared that perform a lot of useful functions: from watchmen to shepherds, from hunters to guides.
It is not in vain that man observes animals. It turned out that the wolves would not have been able to cover such huge distances if they had not “rested on the go.” The wolf strains its paw only at the moment of touching the ground, which significantly saves energy resources.
And the first to adopt this technique were the Vikings. The technique is called the “wolf step” or “Westfolding step”. It vaguely resembles jogging: movement by springing with the repayment of linear inertia. Wolf taught!